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Signs of Dyslexia in Kids: How to Recognize Dyslexia Early

signs of dyslexia in kids
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Dyslexia is a learning disorder that affects reading skills. It can make it difficult for a person to read accurately, fluently, and with comprehension. It also makes it difficult for people to recognize familiar words. 

Dyslexia often occurs in people who have normal intelligence and normal vision. Many people with dyslexia go undiagnosed because signs of dyslexia in kids can vary from one person to the next. For instance, one person might have trouble recognizing letters while another has difficulty pronouncing words.

Dyslexia can affect people of all ages. However, dyslexia is more common in kids. That’s why it’s important to know the signs of this learning disorder in kids. If you suspect that your child has dyslexia, talk to their doctor or a learning specialist. 

This blog post will discuss signs of dyslexia in kids so that you can recognize it early and get your child the help they need!

What Is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a neurological disorder that affects reading skills. It is characterized by difficulty with phonemic awareness, phonology, and word decoding. Individuals with dyslexia often have trouble recognizing and manipulating the sounds of language. This can make it difficult to read accurately and fluently. 

According to the International Dyslexia Association and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, dyslexia signs often manifest once a child starts school. Other children manifest dyslexia signs during elementary school. A child’s teacher can tell parents about struggling readers and other dyslexia symptoms that could indicate common signs of learning disabilities that need to be addressed.

what is dyslexia
Global Student Network Online Homeschool Curriculum

Dyslexia occurs in individuals who have normal intelligence and normal vision. It is not caused by laziness or a lack of motivation. Dyslexia varies in severity, and some people with dyslexia are able to read quite well, while others may struggle to read even simple words. 

This specific learning disorder can be characterized by poor spelling skills, poor comprehension skills, trouble learning new words, and struggling with written language.

The most effective way to treat dyslexia is with specialized reading instruction. This should be tailored to the individual’s needs and begin as early as possible. Most people with dyslexia can learn to read at grade level or higher with proper intervention

With proper intervention, dyslexia can be managed before a child progresses to middle school.

Dyslexia in kids is relatively common. It is estimated that dyslexia affects anywhere from 5-17% of the population. Dyslexia often runs in families, so if you or someone in your family has dyslexia, your child may be at an increased risk. Family history should always be a consideration during an early assessment of dyslexia from special education services. 

This way, this learning disability can be addressed as soon as possible. Early assessment is the key to any learning disability.

What Are the Types of Dyslexia?

There are four main types of dyslexia:

Phonological Dyslexia

This is the most common type of dyslexia. It is characterized by difficulty with phonemic awareness, phonology, and word decoding. Individuals with phonological dyslexia often have trouble recognizing and manipulating the sounds of language. This can make it hard to read accurately and fluently. 

Most children with phonological dyslexia experience reading difficulty and difficulty sustaining attention. They even have trouble sounding different speech sounds and avoid activities that involve reading. These are some common symptoms of dyslexia to watch out for.

Surface Dyslexia

Surface dyslexia is characterized by difficulty with word decoding. Individuals with surface dyslexia often have trouble mapping letters to sounds.​​ This hinders a child from reading properly. 

However, these individuals often have relatively good reading comprehension because they can use context clues to help them understand what they are reading. Activities that involve reading make children with surface dyslexia uncomfortable.

Rapid Naming Deficit

This type of dyslexia is characterized by difficulty with phonemic awareness and word decoding. Individuals with a rapid naming deficit often have trouble recognizing and manipulating the sounds of language. As a result, they find it very challenging to read fluently. They also make a lot of mistakes when reading. 

Double Deficit

The double deficit is a combination of phonological dyslexia and surface dyslexia. It is characterized by difficulty with phonemic awareness, phonology, word decoding, and mapping letters to sounds. Kids who have double-deficit dyslexia often have trouble with all aspects of reading.

7 Signs of Dyslexia in Kids

dyslexia in kids

There are a number of signs that may indicate that a child has dyslexia. It’s important to keep in mind that not all children with dyslexia will have all of these signs. Some children may only have a few signs, while others may have many.

Additionally, the signs of dyslexia can vary depending on the age of the child. For example, a preschooler with dyslexia may have trouble learning the alphabet, while an older child may struggle with reading comprehension.

Some common signs of dyslexia in kids include:

1. Difficulty Learning the Alphabet or Being Able To Recite the Alphabet in Order

One of the earliest signs of dyslexia is difficulty learning the alphabet or being able to recite the alphabet in order. If your child is having trouble with this, it may be an indication that they have dyslexia.

2. Difficulty Learning New Words

If your child is having difficulty learning new words, it may be a sign of dyslexia. They may have trouble with phonemic awareness, which is the ability to hear and manipulate the sounds of language. This can make it very hard for them to learn new words or remember the words they already know.

3. Trouble Reading Aloud

Another possible sign of dyslexia is if your child is having trouble reading aloud. They may stumble over words or have difficulty reading with fluency. This hinders them from reading aloud with comprehension properly.

4. Trouble With Reading Comprehension

Having trouble understanding what they read could also be a sign of dyslexia. They may be able to read the words on the page, but they have trouble understanding what they’re reading. They might find it hard to follow along with a story or answer questions about what they’ve read.

symptoms of dyslexia

5. Trouble With Spelling

Trouble with spelling words may also point to dyslexia. They may have difficulty knowing which letter goes with which sound or have trouble remembering how to spell words. This makes writing correctly a challenge for them.

6. Trouble Breaking Words Down Into Individual Sounds (Phonemic Awareness)

If your child is having trouble breaking words down into individual sounds, then your child might have dyslexia. This difficulty is due to phonemic awareness, which is the ability to hear and manipulate the sounds of language. This hinders them from reading words fluently.

7. Trouble With Rhyming Words

Problems with rhyming words may also be a sign of dyslexia in kids. They may have difficulty hearing the individual sounds in words, which can make it difficult for them to identify words that rhyme. As a result, their reading skills are compromised greatly. 

These are just some of the signs that may indicate that a child has dyslexia. If you’re concerned that your child may have dyslexia, the best thing to do is to talk to your child’s doctor or a learning specialist. They can administer tests to determine if your child has dyslexia and provide you with resources and information on how to help your child.

How Is Dyslexia Diagnosed?

Dyslexia is usually diagnosed by a team of specialists, including a psychologist, neurologist, or learning specialist. A comprehensive evaluation will assess your child’s reading skills, oral language skills, and general cognitive abilities. The goal of the evaluation is to rule out other conditions that may be causing your child’s difficulties and to identify specific areas of weakness.

There is no single test that can diagnose dyslexia. Instead, it is diagnosed based on a pattern of symptoms. Your child’s doctor will likely use a combination of tests and observations to make a diagnosis.

How Does Dyslexia Affect Kids in School?

boys reading a book
Global Student Network Online Homeschool Curriculum

Dyslexia can affect kids in a number of ways. It can impact their reading, writing, and spelling abilities. Additionally, it can also affect their ability to pay attention and focus on tasks. All of these difficulties can make school difficult for kids with dyslexia.

Other impacts of dyslexia in kids at school include:

Decreased Confidence

One of the biggest impacts of dyslexia in kids is decreased confidence. Due to their difficulty with reading, writing, and spelling, kids with dyslexia may feel like they’re not as smart as their classmates. This can lead to decreased confidence and self-esteem.

Decreased Motivation

Another impact of dyslexia in kids is decreased motivation. Kids with dyslexia often feel overwhelmed and stressed when they can’t keep up with their classmates, leading to them feeling overwhelmed and discouraged. As a result, they lose the motivation to try.

Enhanced Anxiety

Another way that dyslexia can affect kids is by enhancing anxiety. Children with dyslexia often approach reading, writing, and spelling in front of their classmates as a huge challenge that they don’t think they can overcome. As a result, they become stressed and anxious. 

What are Some Strategies for Helping Kids With Dyslexia?

There are a number of strategies that can be used to help kids with dyslexia. These strategies can be used at home and at school to help kids with dyslexia succeed.

Some of the strategies that can be used to help kids with dyslexia include:

Reading Aloud to Them on a Daily Basis

Reading aloud to a child with dyslexia daily can help them in a number of ways. It can improve their reading fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary. Additionally, it can also help them to feel more confident about reading.

Using Technology

Technology can be a great tool for helping kids with dyslexia. There are a number of apps and software programs that can help kids with dyslexia improve their reading, writing, and spelling skills.

Providing Extra Time

Kids with dyslexia may need extra time to complete tasks. This can be done by providing them with extra time on tests and assignments. Additionally, you can also break tasks down into smaller parts to make them less overwhelming.

Using Phonetic Spelling When Writing

When writing, kids with dyslexia can use phonetic spelling. This can help them to spell words correctly and improve their writing skills. After all, kids with dyslexia find it overwhelming if they have to worry about spelling and grammar at the same time.

Breaking Down Words Into Syllables When Reading and Spelling

When reading and spelling, you can break words down into syllables. This can help kids with dyslexia to process information more easily. Additionally, it can also help them to spell words correctly.

These are just some of the strategies that can be used to help kids with dyslexia. If you’re concerned that your child may have dyslexia, you should contact a medical professional. Early intervention is key to helping kids with dyslexia succeed in school and in life.

How Does a Child With Dyslexia Usually Feel on a Daily Basis?

kid with dyslexia

A child with dyslexia may feel a range of emotions on a daily basis. They may feel frustrated, overwhelmed, and anxious. Additionally, they may feel discouraged and unmotivated. These feelings are often due to the difficulties that they face at school.

Think about it this way: if you had difficulty reading, writing, and spelling, you’d probably feel the same way. It’s important to remember that these feelings are normal. Kids with dyslexia often feel like they’re not as smart as their classmates, but this is not true. Dyslexia has nothing to do with intelligence.

Instead, dyslexia is a neurological disorder that affects the way that information is processed. It’s important to remember that dyslexia is not curable, but it is treatable with the right interventions and support.

How Does Dyslexia Intervention Help Kids With Dyslexia?

Dyslexia intervention helps kids with dyslexia in a number of ways. It can help them to improve their reading, writing, and spelling skills. Additionally, it can also help them to cope with the emotions that they feel.

Intervention for dyslexia usually begins around first or second grade. This is because this is when the signs of dyslexia usually start to become apparent. Early intervention is important because it can help to prevent the effects of dyslexia from becoming worse over time.

If dyslexia is neglected, there is a tendency that a child will begin to lag behind their classmates. This can lead to a decrease in self-esteem and motivation. Additionally, it can also lead to behavior problems.

Dyslexia intervention usually consists of specialized instruction and tutoring. It’s important to note that not all interventions are the same. The type of intervention that a child needs will depend on the severity of their dyslexia.

Some kids with dyslexia may only need a few hours of intervention per week. Others may need more intensive intervention, such as daily tutoring or special education classes.

help kids with dyslexia

Conclusion

Dyslexia is a neurological disorder that affects reading skills. It is not caused by a lack of intelligence or motivation, and it cannot be cured. However, with proper diagnosis and intervention, most people with dyslexia can learn to read and write effectively.

If you suspect that your child may have dyslexia, talk to your child’s doctor or school counselor. Parents must be attentive to signs of dyslexia in kids and not ignore them. With early diagnosis and intervention, children with dyslexia can overcome their reading difficulties and lead successful lives.

All Things Childcare strives to provide research-based information. While the contents of this article have been fact-checked, we encourage our readers to seek actual medical advice from health professionals.

Frequently Asked Questions

At what age would a child with dyslexia be diagnosed?

There is no one answer to this question, as dyslexia can be diagnosed at any age. However, signs of dyslexia usually become apparent around first or second grade. This is why early intervention is so important.

What are the 4 types of dyslexia?

The four types of dyslexia are phonological, surface, double deficit, and rapid naming speed. Phonological dyslexia is the most common type.

How can I help my child with dyslexia?

The best way to help your child with dyslexia is to get them diagnosed and into intervention as soon as possible. This way, they can get the help that they need to succeed.

What is the difference between dyslexia and ADHD?

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a neurological disorder that affects attention, concentration, and impulsivity. Dyslexia, on the other hand, is a reading disability that affects the way information is processed. While both conditions can be present in the same individual, they are two separate disorders.

How common is dyslexia?

Dyslexia affects around 20% of the population. It is one of the most common learning disabilities. However, many people with dyslexia remain undiagnosed. This is because signs of dyslexia can be easily misunderstood or dismissed.

What are the signs of dyslexia in adults?

Adults with dyslexia may have difficulty with reading, writing, and spelling. They may also have trouble with organization and time management. Additionally, they may have a hard time finding the right word when speaking. If you suspect that you or someone you know has dyslexia, it is important to talk to a doctor or other healthcare professional.

How can I get my child tested for dyslexia?

If you suspect that your child may have dyslexia, the best thing to do is to talk to your child's doctor or school counselor. They will be able to refer you to a specialist for testing.

What is the treatment for dyslexia?

There is no cure for dyslexia. However, with proper diagnosis and intervention, most people with dyslexia can learn to read and write effectively. The type of intervention that a child needs will depend on the severity of their dyslexia. Some kids with dyslexia may only need a few hours of intervention per week. Others may need more intensive intervention, such as daily tutoring or special education classes.

What are the long-term effects of dyslexia?

If left untreated, dyslexia can have a number of negative long-term effects. These include poor school performance, low self-esteem, and difficulty finding employment. Additionally, people with dyslexia are at a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety. Therefore, determining the signs of dyslexia in kids early on will be vital in ensuring their success.

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